Tropical hardwood, also known as exotic wood, is a popular type of lumber that originates in warmer, tropical parts of the world. This type of timber is sourced from the forests of three main continents: Africa, Asia and South America.
Tropical hardwood is a popular choice for a range of both interior and exterior projects. Offering quality, strength and an appealing aesthetic, this timber is available in a variety of textures and colour hues – from deep orange to deep velvet brown.
Tropical Hardwoods are timber sourced from the tropics such as Africa, South America and Asia. It is a wood largely used in outdoor projects such as hardwood timber decking due to its durability when sourced sustainably.
The Tropics is a region of the earth surrounding the Equator; it is limited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. More than 40 per cent of the world’s human population lives within the tropical zone.
Tropical Hardwoods shall mean any and all hardwood scientifically classified as angiosperm. Tropical Hardwoods originate from three main continents of Africa (West and Central), Asia and South America. In general tropical forests have more kinds of tree species than any other forest type in the world, around 2,500 species in total. Comparing all the tropical regions of the world the Amazon forests are the richest in plant species with more than one-third of all species in the world living in the Amazon.
The tropics of West and Central Africa have the fewest species of trees compared to other tropical regions of the world but even here the diversity in species is high compared to forest types. The Mongolian coastal forests are said to be the richest species of the African tropics and, moreover, the Congo Basin as a whole constitutes the world’s second-largest rainforest.
Asian tropical forests are known to be richer in commercial species than tropical forests in other regions of the world because of the dominance of the family “Dipterocarpaceae” therefore tropical forests of Asia give higher yields than the tropics of Africa and South America, the dominance of “Dipterocarpaceae” also implies that the forests are more homogeneous than other tropical forests.